Adobe ColdFusion 8

cfmail

Description

Sends an e-mail message that optionally contains query output, using an SMTP server.

Category

Communications tags, Internet protocol tags

Syntax

Oct 7, 2008: Corrected
<cfmail
from = "e-mail address"
to = "comma-delimited list"
bcc = "comma-delimited list"
cc = "comma-delimited list"
charset = "character encoding"
debug = "yes|no"
failto = "e-mail address"
group = "query column"
groupcasesensitive = "yes|no"
mailerid = "header id"
maxrows = "integer"
mimeattach = "path"
password = "string"
port = "integer"
priority = "integer or string priority level"
query = "query name"
replyto = "e-mail address"
server = "SMTP server address"
spoolenable = "yes|no"
startrow = "query row number"
subject = "string"
timeout = "number of seconds"
type = "mime type"
username = "SMTP user ID"
useSSL = "yes|no"
useTLS = "yes|no"
wraptext = "column number">
(Optional) Mail message body and/or cfmailparam tags </cfmail>

Note: You can specify this tag's attributes in an attributeCollection attribute whose value is a structure. Specify the structure name in the attributeCollection attribute and use the tag's attribute names as structure keys.

See also

cfmailparam, cfmailpart, cfpop, cfftp, cfhttp, cfldap, Wrap; Using ColdFusion with mail servers in "Sending and Receiving E-Mail" in the ColdFusion Developer's Guide

History

ColdFusion 8: Added priority, useSSL, and useTLS attributes.

ColdFusion MX 7:

  • The cfmail tag no longer lets you send multipart mail by embedding the entire MIME-encoded message in the tag body. Use the cfmailpart tag, instead.
  • The cfmail tag renders nonproportional fonts proportionately. This is a behavior change from ColdFusion 5. ColdFusion MX 7 uses UTF-8 and sends this in the mail header (Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8). ColdFusion 5 uses ISO-8859-1 (Latin 1). To avoid this behavior, add the charset="ISO-8859-1" attribute to restore the default ColdFusion 5 encoding. Alternatively, you can change the encoding on the Mail page in the ColdFusion Administrator.

ColdFusion MX 6.1:

  • Added the following attributes: charset, failto, replyto, username, password and wraptext.
  • Added support for multiple mail servers in the server attribute.
  • Added several configuration options to the ColdFusion Administrator Mail Settings page.

ColdFusion MX: Added the SpoolEnable attribute.

Attributes

Attribute

Req/Opt

Default

Description

bcc

Optional

 

Addresses to which to copy the message, without listing them in the message header. To specify multiple addresses, separate the addresses with commas.

cc

Optional

 

Addresses to which to copy the message. To specify multiple addresses, separate the address with commas.

charset

Optional

Character encoding selected in ColdFusion Administrator Mail page;
utf-8

Character encoding of the mail message, including the headers. The following list includes commonly used values:

  • utf-8
  • iso-8859-1
  • windows-1252
  • us-ascii
  • shift_jis
  • iso-2022-jp
  • euc-jp
  • euc-kr
  • big5
  • hz-gb-2312
  • euc-cn
  • utf-16

For more information on character encodings, see www.w3.org/International/O-charset.html.

debug

Optional

no

  • yes: sends debugging output to standard output. By default, if the console window is unavailable, ColdFusion sends output to cf_root\runtime\logs\coldfusion-out.log on server configurations. On J2EE configurations, with JRun, the default location is jrun_home/logs/servername-out.log. Caution: If you set this option to yes, ColdFusion writes detailed debugging information to the log, including all message contents, and can generate large logs quickly.
  • no: does not generate debugging output.

failto

Optional

 

Address to which mailing systems should send delivery failure notifications. Sets the mail envelope reverse-path value.

from

Required

 

E-mail message sender:

  • A static string; for example, "support@mex.com"
  • A variable; for example, "#GetUser.EMailAddress#".

This attribute does not have to be a valid Internet address; it can be any text string.

to

Required

 

Message recipient e-mail addresses:

  • Static address, for example, "support@.com".
  • Variable that contains an address, for example, "#Form.Email#".
  • Name of a query column that contains an address, for example, "#EMail#". An e-mail message is sent for each returned row.

To specify multiple addresses, separate the addresses with commas.

subject

Required

 

Message subject. Can be dynamically generated. For example, to send messages that give customers status updates: "Status of Order Number #Order_ID#".

group

Optional

CurrentRow

Query column to use when you group sets of records to send as a message. For example, to send a set of billing statements to a customer, group on "Customer_ID." Case-sensitive. Eliminates adjacent duplicates when data is sorted by the specified field.

groupcasesensitive

Optional

No

Boolean. Whether to consider case when using the group attribute. To group on case-sensitive records, set this attribute to Yes.

mailerid

Optional

ColdFusion Application Server

Mailer ID to be passed in X-Mailer SMTP header, which identifies the mailer application.

maxrows

Optional

 

Maximum number of messages to send when looping over a query.

mimeattach

Optional

 

Path of file to attach to message. Attached file is MIME-encoded. ColdFusion attempts to determine the MIME type of the file; use the cfmailparam tag to send an attachment and specify the MIME type.

password

Optional

 

A password to send to SMTP servers that require authentication. Requires a username attribute.

port

Optional

 

TCP/IP port on which SMTP server listens for requests (normally 25). A value here overrides the Administrator.

priority

Optional

3

The message priority level. Can be one of the following values:

  • An integer in the range 1-5; 1 represents the highest priority.
  • One of the following string values, which correspond to the numeric values: highest or urgent, high, normal, low, and lowest or non-urgent.

query

Optional

 

Name of cfquery from which to draw data for messages. Use this attribute to send more than one message, or to send query results within a message.

replyto

Optional

 

Addresses to which the recipient is directed to send replies.

server

Optional

 

SMTP server address, or (Enterprise edition only) a comma-delimited list of server addresses, to use for sending messages. At least one server must be specified here or in the ColdFusion Administrator. A value here overrides the Administrator. A value that includes a port specification overrides the port attribute. For details, see Usage.

spoolenable

Optional

 

Whether to spool mail or always send it Immediately. Overrides the ColdFusion Administrator Spool mail messages to disk for delivery setting.

  • yes: saves a copy of the message until the sending operation is complete. Pages that use this option might run slower than those that use the No option.
  • no: queues the message for sending, without storing a copy until the operation is complete. If a delivery error occurs when this option is No, ColdFusion generates an Application exception and logs the error to the mail.log file.

startrow

Optional

1

Row in a query to start from.

timeout

Optional

 

Number of seconds to wait before timing out connection to SMTP server. A value here overrides the Administrator.

type

Optional

text/plain

MIME type of the message. Can be a valid MIME media type or one of the following:

  • text: specifies text/plain type.
  • plain: specifies text/plain type.
  • html: specifies text/html type.

For a list of all registered MIME media types, see www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/.

username

Optional

 

A user name to send to SMTP servers that require authentication. Requires a password attribute.

useSSL

Optional

 

Whether to use Secure Sockets Layer.

useTLS

Optional

 

Whether to use Transport Level Security.

wraptext

Optional

Do not wrap text

The maximum line length, in characters of the mail text. If a line has more than the specified number of characters, replaces the last white space character, such as a tab or space, preceding the specified position with a line break. If there are no white space characters, inserts a line break at the specified position. A common value for this attribute is 72.

Usage

Sends a mail message to the specified address. Mail messages can include attachments. The tag body can include CFML code to generate mail output. The cfmailparam and cfmailpart tags can only be used in the cfmail tag body.

Mail messages can be single or multipart. If you send a multi-part mail message, all message content must be in cfmailpart tags; ColdFusion ignores multipart message text that is not in cfmailpart tags.

Note: The cfmail tag does not make copies of attachments when spooling mail to disk. If you use the cfmail tag to send a message with an attachment with spooling enabled and you use the cffile tag to delete the attachment file, ColdFusion might not send the mail because the mailing process might execute after the file was deleted. (When this happens, the mail log includes a FileNotFound exception and the e-mail is not sent.) You can prevent this problem by setting SpoolEnable="No" in the attribute or disabling spooling in the ColdFusion Administrator. Disabling spooling causes the e-mail to be delivered immediately.

Mail addressing

Mail addresses can have any of the following forms:

Format

Example

user@server

rsmith@company.com

<user@server>

<rsmith@company.com>

DisplayName <user@server>

Rob Smith <rsmith@company.com>

"DisplayName" <user@server>

"Rob Smith" <rsmith@company.com>

user@server (DisplayName)

rsmith@company.com (Rob Smith)

Specifying mail servers

The server attribute can specify one or more mail servers.

Note: If you specify multiple mail servers in ColdFusion Standard, the cfmail tag uses only the first server in the specification. ColdFusion logs a warning message to the mail log file and ignores the additional servers.

For each server, you can optionally specify a user name, password, and port. These values override the corresponding attributes, if any. The server attribute has the following format:

[user:password@]server[:port],[user:password@]server[:port],....

For example, the following line specifies one server, mail.myco.com that uses the default port and no user or password, and a second server with a user, password, and specific port:

server=mail.myco.com,mail_admin:adm2qzf@mail2.myco.com:24

When you specify multiple mail servers in ColdFusion Enterprise, ColdFusion tries the available servers in the order they are listed until it connects to a server. ColdFusion does not try to connect to a server that was unavailable in the last 60 seconds.

Example

<h3>cfmail Example</h3>

<!--- Delete the surrounding comments to use this example.

<cfif IsDefined("form.mailto")>
    <cfif form.mailto is not "" AND form.mailfrom is not "" AND form.Subject is not "">
        <cfmail to = "#form.mailto#" from = "#form.mailFrom#" subject = "#form.subject#">
                This message was sent by an automatic mailer built with cfmail:
                = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =
                #form.body#
        </cfmail>    
        <h3>Thank you</h3>
        <p>Thank you, <cfoutput>#mailfrom#: your message, #subject#, has been sent to
            #mailto#</cfoutput>.</p>
    </cfif>    
</cfif>
<p>
<form action = "cfmail.cfm" method="POST">
    <pre>
    TO: <input type = "Text" name = "MailTo">
    FROM: <input type = "Text" name = "MailFrom">
    SUBJECT:     <input type = "Text" name = "Subject">
    <hr>
    MESSAGE BODY:
    <textarea name ="body" cols="40" rows="5" wrap="virtual"></textarea>
    </pre>
    <!--- Establish required fields. --->
    <input type = "hidden" name = "MailTo_required" value = "You must enter a recipient">
    <input type = "hidden" name = "MailFrom_required" value = "You must enter a sender">
    <input type = "hidden" name = "Subject_required" value = "You must enter a subject">
    <input type = "hidden" name = "Body_required" value = "You must enter some text">
    <p><input type = "Submit" name = ""></p>
</p>
</form>